Mitosis:
The cell nucleus divides AKA the genetic material
Happens for Somatic Cells AKA non-sex cells, just normal cells

Prophase:
The chromosomes are created
The nucleus membrane is DESTROYED

Metaphase:
The chromosomes are lining up in the middle of the cell
The centrosomes are on OPPOSIDE sides of the cell
The Centrosomes push away and pull a chromatid to each of them,
AKA they pull the chromosomes apart

Anaphase:
The chromatids are being pulled apart into FOUR separate chromosomes

Telophase:
The chromosomes start to unwind and nuclear membranes are being created

Cytokinesis:
Where the cytoplasm/everything else is divided into two daughter cells.
And now you have two separate cells that start going through interphase.

Centrosomes:
Organize the microtubules
Made of from arrangement of two barrel-shaped clusters of microtubules, called “centrioles,” and a complex of proteins that help additional microtubules to form.
It ALSO DUPLICATES in the S phase

Chromosomes:
Diploid: 46
Haploid: 23

Homologous chromosomes:
Chromosomes that code for the same genes

Chromatids:
When are chromosome has been duplicated, a chromatid is produced, which is still only ONE chromosome, but is just bigger.

Centromere:
The point where two chromatids touch.