Cation Naming:
SUPER easy, just the atom and then roman numerals for the charge
Ex. Iron(II) ion

Anion Naming:
Halogens like F and Cl AND 6th group elements like O and S always end in “-ide”.

Polyatomic Naming:
The ion with the largest amount of electrons is “-ate”, and the lowest amount is “-ite”.
EXTRA:
Some ions can form other oxoanions like ClO-
In that case, the largest amount of electrons is “per-“, and the lowest amount is “hypo-“.
EXTRA:
If Hydrogen is the first letter, then you just say hydrogen.

Ionic Compounds:
Simply say the cation first and then end with the anion, with one of the above suffixes.
Ex. Ammonium Nitrate (NH4NO3)

Hydrates:
Usually, crystals have their own formula but need water to work, which is denoted by a weird dot between the compound and the water.
They end in “-hydrate”.

Molecular Prefixes for molecules:

Aqueous Solutions:
When acids are added to water they change the name, so instead of being called hydrogen + [BLANK], they have “hydro-” and “-ic acid” added.

Oxoacid Naming:
They have kind of the same naming system, but they just add “-acid” to the back, and then either “-ic” or “-ous”.
“ic” is for oxoacids, where “-ate” is in it.
“ous” is for oxoacids where “ite” is in it.