SUPER easy, just the atom and then roman numerals for the charge
Ex. Iron(II) ion
Halogens like F and Cl AND 6th group elements like O and S always end in “-ide”.
The ion with the largest amount of electrons is “-ate”, and the lowest amount is “-ite”.
Some ions can form other oxoanions like ClO-
In that case, the largest amount of electrons is “per-“, and the lowest amount is “hypo-“.
If Hydrogen is the first letter, then you just say hydrogen.
Simply say the cation first and then end with the anion, with one of the above suffixes.
Ex. Ammonium Nitrate (NH4NO3)
Usually, crystals have their own formula but need water to work, which is denoted by a weird dot between the compound and the water.
They end in “-hydrate”.
Molecular Prefixes for molecules:
When acids are added to water they change the name, so instead of being called hydrogen + [BLANK], they have “hydro-” and “-ic acid” added.
They have kind of the same naming system, but they just add “-acid” to the back, and then either “-ic” or “-ous”.
“ic” is for oxoacids, where “-ate” is in it.
“ous” is for oxoacids where “ite” is in it.